The word-of-God definition for the word “Jew” in the King James Version of the Christian Bible is “Judean”. A Judean was one who was born in the ancient independent and separate kingdom of Judea, a person loyal to the king of Judea, an inhabitant of the kingdom of Judea, and/or one having citizenship rights in the kingdom of Judea.
In the Christian Bible, a Jew, or Judean, is not defined as someone “in the tribe of Judah”. Herod the Great was a Jew, yet his mother was a Nabatean. Paul was a Jew (Acts 22:3), yet he was of the tribe of Benjamin (Philippians 3:5). A Jew, or Judean, could have been from any tribe.
The title, that Pilate wrote, which was put on the cross, and which was written in Latin, stated “Iesus Nazarenus rex Iudaeorum” (John 19:19, Latin Vulgate). This translates into English as “Jesus the Nazarene King of the Judeans”.
2 Kings 16:5-7 indicates that the northern kingdom of Israel was at war with the southern kingdom of Judea before 732 B.C., before the northern kingdom of Israel was taken into Assyrian captivity in 722 B.C..
In 2 Kings 16:6, the New American Standard Bible (NASB), the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV), the Common English Bible (CEB), and the Good News Translation (GNT) all translate the Hebrew word phonetically pronounced yeh-hoo-dee’, Strong’s concordance number 03064, as “Judeans”.
In 2 Kings 16:6, the King James Version (KJV), the American Standard Version (ASV), and the Young’s Literal Translation (YLT) all translate the same Hebrew word phonetically pronounced yeh-hoo-dee’, Strong’s concordance number 03064, as “Jews”.
The first Judeans came into existence circa 950 B.C. when Judea first became a separate and independent kingdom after Solomon’s death. In addition to those of the tribe of Judah, Judeans also included people of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Kings 12:21, 2 Chronicles 11:1,10,12, 2 Chronicles 14:8, etc.), Levites (2 Chronicles 11:13-14, etc.), strangers out of Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon (2 Chronicles 15:9), and selected others out of all the tribes of Israel (2 Chronicles 11:16).
The king of the tribe of Judah automatically became the king of Judea until about 605 B.C., when Daniel, a Judean, referred to Nebuchadnezzar as “king”. The king of Judea was king of more people than just those of the tribe of Judah. The king of Judea was king of the Judeans, the Jews.
After the kingdom of Israel split up after Solomon’s death, Judea and the northern kingdom of Israel were two completely separate and independent kingdoms. Judea and the northern kingdom of Israel never did yet get completely back together again.
With no kingdom of Judea left in existence after the Romans
temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D., children born throughout the entire
70 A.D. had a different nationality other than “Judean”.
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